Cradles ‐ Purpose made equipment that is used to manage loads of other equipment while being transported or lifted.
Palletized ‐ Where materials and equipment have been stacked and restrained in pallet type sections whether tied, shrink‐wrapped, etc.
Crated ‐ Materials loaded into crates, which have tine access for forklifts.
Boxed ‐ Equipment that have been packaged in boxes which have access to forklifts tine (forks).
Containerized ‐ Material that can be transported in bulk or as mixed loads inside sea containers.
The various hazards to employees involved in loading and unloading materials onto vehicles for shipping include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Poor or incorrect hazard identification
- Manual handling
- Operational machinery
- Operator training
- Load composition and characteristics
- Weather conditions
- Vehicle and employee interaction
- Lifting equipment
- Equipment and vehicle inspections
- Defective vehicles and mobile equipment
- Designated loading and unloading area, incorrect ramp, ground condition
- Vehicle speed
- Reduced visibility due to equipment ‘blind spots’
- Overhead power lines
- Buried pipelines/facilities
- Ineffective, inoperative defective equipment braking etc.
Wherever possible, communications between parties will be either by clear, precise hand signals or two‐way radio. Two‐way radio communication channels during loading and unloading will be cleared as much as possible to verify that directions are not misinterpreted. This will be achieved through the restriction of two‐way radio channels to designated tasks or assignment of dedicated channel.
The loading and unloading of materials is not to progress unless all parties are sure of the job plan and general work scope and have completed and signed the JSA.
Load Composition and Characteristics
Where possible, loading and unloading of materials should occur at designated dispatch and receipt points. To provide consistency and continuity throughout the duration of the project, a standardized loading / shipping manifest will be used.
Equipment or materials, which have designated lifting points, must be accompanied with the correct certifications and testing documentation.
Materials with designated lifting points, which are not accompanied with the correct tags, certification, and testing documentation, must not be removed using the lifting points.
The requirements for certification and testing documentation will be applicable to all‐purpose built lifting equipment such as flat racks, containers, cradles, and bolsters.