The following requirements are to be met by all transport and shipping agents for transport of material and goods throughout all phases of the project:
- Unit weight marked on units (individual and collective).
- Load center of gravity marked on each unit.
- Method of restraining load during transportation to be identified.
- Consider hard lashing and soft lashing as required and secured load firmly.
- Rope used for securing loads should preferably be manufactured from polypropylene, polyester, sisal or manila. Polyamide (nylon) ropes are not suitable, as they tend to stretch under load.
- The number of anchorage points to be used to restraint the load will depend on the weight and dimensions of the load being carried and its location on the platform in relation to the headboard or other additional means of restraint.
- Move trailer within speed limits applicable. Do not over speed. Be careful at turning point. .
- Method of transport and unloading to be decided:
- Flat racks (where approved lifting equipment is available)
- Cradles (where approved lifting equipment is available)
- Containers (where approved lifting equipment is available)
- Shrink‐wrapping (boxes or pallets) making the small boxes into one unit
- Pre‐slings for loading to remain attached as part of the load. They are to be tied down during transport and will be used later to unload, thus eliminating the need for personnel to attach or remove the slings. Pre‐slings should be inspected before lifting.
- Verify that the identified method for unloading is compatible with the equipment for unloading at the unloading site.
Verify that material is properly secured along with the vehicle so that it will not fall out of vehicle/ trailer. No material should protrude out of vehicle which can cause injury or property damage.
- Ensure that if material projects outside the vehicle provide red tape and red alert light for better visibility to traffic and pedestrians. In such cases avoid transportation during night
The following requirements are to be met by receiving crew for receipt of materials and goods throughout all phases of the project:
- Review manifest to check on weights of material and equipment.
- Conduct JSA and gain agreement with all members of the crew receiving the goods and those responsible for unloading.
- Verify that the method of unloading is compatible with the equipment for unloading at the unloading site.
- Conduct pre‐start inspection on machinery (such as forklifts and cranes).
- Identify and control potential exposures to falls from heights
- Remove all material to ground level before distribution (For eg. containers to be removed from transport vehicles and placed at ground level before items are removed from it).
- Where necessary, conduct lift study under supervision and guidance of crane / lift supervisor.
- To assist with the unloading and loading of materials, it is suggested that the shipping agent be contacted and enquiries made as to their equipment selection, type, and methodology for loading and unloading.